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Endo tips    Better Endo    Endo abstracts    Endo discussions

MB2   Long standing toothache

The opinions and photographs within this web page are not ours. Authors have been credited
for the individual posts where they are. Photos: Courtesy of Ahmad tehrani -

From: ahmad tehrani
Sent: Monday, February 20, 2006 2:28 AM
Subject: [roots] long standing toothache

Dental History:

2 years old PVC...the tooth has been constantly hurting and lately 
the pain had become spontaneous, unprovoked and lingering. Aspirin 
and Tylenol not effective.

clinical findings:
Thermal test and EPT zeroed on #19 and clinical/radiographic 
examination confirmed LL 1st permanent molar: Irreversible pulpitis, 
with normal peri-radicular perio. gingival bleeding , should be self 
limiting with proper hygiene & when PVC removed.. distal wall of 
2nd premolar looks prepared...patient informed of it before any 
attempt was made to remove the crown. Amazingly he was never offered 
any treatment other than occ. adjustments and occasional does of 
antibiotics whenever he complained.

after PVC was cut out and caries control the distal pulp horn was 
exposed. The coronal portion of the pulp looked necrotic(no bleeding) 
until I was 8-10 mm deep in the canal. subsequent to initial appt of 
total pulpectomy with CH dressing, his was symptom free. 2 mesial
canals and by the time the distal was accessed, cleaned and shaped 
it was a continuous c-shaped canal. System S and build-up with tiny 
incremental composite, trying to minimize the c-factor like Liviu, 
Marga and many others do in their cases. - ahmad

A beauty Ahmad, this applies to the endo, the build-up and the documentation !! - Marga Thanks for your comments. - ahmad Ahmad, all of us have some of those out there. I shot a BWX on all my crowns before seating them because I'm really anal retentive about everything I do in dentistry. Still, occasionally, you'll shoot a film and say, "who did this crap?". ME! We miss a few. Guy Very nice case! Please tell me about "system s" John Anderson, eager to do better endo - John Anderson Hi John: System S or Squirt is the molted warm gutta percha heated to 200 in Obtura gun and injected to the perfectly shaped, cleaned, patent canal system after a thin layer of cement placed. Drs. Serota, Dreyer, Dovgan are resident experts. I learned this technique at Dr. Stropko's office and obturate 99% of my cases like that. It is not an un-controlled obturation technique if every step is meticulously performed to the conventional endodontic principles with minor modifications to adapt for obtura squirt.- ahmad Good Answer Ahmad....I would only add one more item.....Puffs make NO difference in healing but are the result of adequate preparation to the terminous. - Joseph Dovgan How do you obtain apical control with this technique? I love my Obtura but I place a .04 or .06 GP point and sizzle it with the Touch & Heat first. I would be worried about blowing alot of GP out the apex without a apical plug in place. I had that happen a few times years ago when I tried the Phase II system. - Steve Surprisingly, with system S the biggest worry is not the overfill is the underfill. Think of System S as 100 people trying to get of a room at the same time.Only a few can get through. But all the shaping objectives must be in order for it to happen. Phase II was a different beast than Obtura....I have looked at many cases that Dr. McSpadden had obturated with his PhaseII and no one can do it better than him. The Alpha phase is too sticky and runny for me, so with an open or irregular apex, the chances of extrusions are quite high. The PacMac is pushing the soft GP ahead of the tip. So it becomes a forceful compaction of a runny material. And it is harder to compact the GP with Phase II than Obtura since it is too soft. After buttering the condenser with beta and alpha GP it was too thick for inserting it in most canals with the way I was shaping the canls ( that could be the answer to my frustration with that technique) But ad with any technique, the more practice you have the easier it becomes. So my suggestion would be pick ONE technique and master it. You would know the limitations and advantages so making adjustments becomes easier. - Ahmad Iím surprised to hear you say that. I am hardly an expert, perhaps now having done 20 cases or so, but I have never been short. My biggest fear has been apical control, but the more I do it the less concern I have, unless I have a #80 apex or something of that nature, then I still fit a cone. It seems if instrumentation is done properly the only thing going beyond the apex is sealer, and that can be limited by placing the proper amount of sealer, which ainít much. I use joeyís condensors preset approx 4mm from fill length and for proper diameter. I especially like squirting in curvatures and where two canals have a common poe. - gary Steve....does extrusion of GP bother you? If so, then System S is definatley NOT for you. As for the apical all has to do with creating an orifice of a certain diameter at the terminous.- Joey D Hi Joey, From what I understand you want to try and keep the GP inside the root if at all possible. Is there any difference in success rates with slight overfills? - Steve Steve, Why do you want to keep the GP in the canal systems? Could the research be flawed? does it represent clinical reality? Steve, You know years ago...I was a Prove it to me kinda was because of my graduate program..we had to justify everything we do with literature with Rick Walton...lit for this, lit to pick your nose, lit for everything ya know. 10 years ago, I was very fortunate to have a long conversation with Cliff ...asking him the literature (and I already knew the answer...I went to lateral heaven at Iowa) me the proof...and he spent over an hour with me...which I'm sure was very taxing to Cliff....because I can be quite the debator... In any case, his final response to me was "You just gotta believe"... which I thought sounded more like religion then a proof. But the words stuck with me. They had to rattle in my brain for a few years...then I met Stropko and he showed me the Squirt Technique aka System S...and while it's different then the way Cliff does it....I'll never forget his words...because he "broke me into the way of thinking about overfills...YOU JUST GOTTA BELIEVE" Overfills and extursions are NOT bone magnets like some on the lecture circuit will have you believe...but they are a marker that perhaps you have shaped, cleaned and obturated to the terminous. Endodontics is about biological control, removing substraites and antigens, and obturating to keep some stuff out. - Joey D How about this one, Joey? :-)Anyone worrying about overfill check out the one year. Not as good a radiograph but adequate. We won't debate the material but the fact is that this overfill was totally asymptomatic and healed without a problem. I'm not posting this as a good thing. As Bill Watson said, I had some pretty crappy apical control on this thing. But the overfill did nothing negative...just looked scary. Guy Guy...even I consider this one a little extreme. But ya gotta love it working.- Joey D Ruddle actually called it "surplus" ..... excess means too much which is what GP out of the tooth is) Any GP you put out into the periapical tissues is going to prevent complete biological repair ..... isn't it?? A bit of sealer, maybe ... but GP? That's an overfill - Simon Bender "I'd rather have a little gp out in the bone than a bunch of bugs in the canal" How's that for a can quote me on that. LOL - Mark First and foremost Steve, this is a Canadian journal.we elected Steven Harper so letís put things in perspective. Second of all, neither example reflects a well sealed optimally sterilized functional tooth residual gutta percha in an extraction site and a leaking crownless bicuspid would be problematic regardless.these are isolated cases.. where in the case of the remaining gp, the tooth that was extracted could have had a significant CAP and that was residual with bacterial content after the extraction, the other one is a leaking root canal at best.again, define excess itís the distinction between overfilled and sealed and over extended and unsealed.- Ken Serota So you mean I don't have to beat myself up when I push the GP a bit past the apex (as long as the canal is properly shaped and cleaned that is)! - Steve Never beat yourself up. Your presence here indicates you probably do it better or will do it better than 95% of the tooth talking population. Joey can clarify, but I believe he once told me he gets upset if he doesn'ít have a puff of stuff on the film.- gary I hope nobody is suggesting you can't seal a root canal without blowing "excess" GP into the bone - SB Joey D, "It's not about the's about cleaning and shaping to the terminous and then obturation to the terminous with a little extra squeezed out. Cliff Ruddle once said "You can only fill a tooth 100%...everything else is just excess" - Joey D Beautiful case! Terrible PFM! - Steve makes you wonder why no BW x-rays were exposed before seating the sombrero crown, doesn't it??? Probably trying to spare the patient from excess radiation...)) I always try to expose at least a vertical BW and a PA before seating anything. Thanks for your comments. - ahmad Ahmad, In addition to totally missing it on the margins, the previous dentist tapered the heck out of that tooth didn't he? Do you anticipate any challenges related to the excess taper in making the new crown? - Mark Mark, new porcelain margin crowns and all porcelain crowns require more reduction and often you get more taper. They are retained very well with the new GI cements and adhesion. The biggest problems my labs see is lack of sufficient tooth to complete what the script calls for. Guy

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