Dental India celeberated 11th year of online in Feb 2008 !
Evaluation of apical surface roughness after root resection: a scanning electron microscopic study
Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte PhD a, , , Rubens
a, Marisa Akemi Matsumoto PhD a, Luis
Eduardo Marques Padovan PhD
a and Milton Carlos Kuga PhD b
The objective of this study was to compare, by scanning electron microscopy, the smoothness of the resected apical root surface after preparation with high-speed #699 bur, #699 bur plus Shofu finishing and Zekrya bur, and with an erbium:YAG laser.
Thirty-nine extracted human premolars were instrumented and obturated and their root apices were resected. The roots were divided into 4 groups according to the root resection method. The teeth were dried, metallized, and analyzed at ?00 by scanning electron microscopy. Scores ranging from 0 to 3 were attributed to surface smoothness. The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis test for overall comparison, and by Dunn's test for individual comparisons.
Smoother surfaces were observed for the groups treated with the #699 bur and the #699 bur plus Shofu point finishing, while rougher surfaces were obtained with the laser, which differed significantly from the other 2 methods (P < .05).
Treatment with the #699 bur plus Shofu finishing yielded better results in terms of surface smoothness, whereas the laser treatment produced more irregular and rougher surfaces after root resection.
Interaction between Sodium Hypochlorite and Chlorhexidine Gluconate
published online 21 May 2007.
The combination of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and chlorhexidine (CHX) results in the formation of a precipitate. The aim of this study was to determine the minimum concentration of NaOCl required to form a precipitate with 2.0% CHX. This was accomplished with a serial dilution technique. X-ray photon spectroscopy (XPS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) were used to qualify and quantify the precipitate. A color change and precipitate were induced in 2.0% CHX by 0.023 % and 0.19 % NaOCl, respectively. Both XPS and TOF-SIMS showed the presence of para-chloroaniline in an amount directly related to the concentration of NaOCl used. Until this precipitate is studied further, its formation should be avoided by removing the NaOCl before placing CHX into the canal.